What is obesity? Where does it come from?
Obesity should be considered a challenge for society and global public health, are the main cause of chronic diseases in adults and children and is increasing every year, it is estimated that in the next 10 years half of the population world will suffer from obesity or overweight.
According to the World Heañth Organization, obesity is defined as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat that can be harmful to health. A simple way to measure obesity is the body mass index (BMI), this is the weight of a person in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. A person with a BMI equal to or greater than 30 is considered obese and with a BMI equal to or greater than 25 is considered overweight. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for many chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer.
What are the different types of obesity?
Obesity is generally classified based on the location of body fat accumulation. This way you can better visualize and understand your typology and its health implications. The three most common types of obesity are:
- Central Obesity: accumulation of fat deposits above the waistline (chin, cheeks, neck, arms, but predominantly around the back, waist, sides and abdomen) and is identified by the apple shaped body (see image). This is recognized as the most serious type of obesity, since omental adipose tissue (visceral fat) is considered to be more metabolically active than other types such as subcutaneous adipose tissue, and is associated with the appearance of chronic and inflammatory diseases such as cancer, diabetes, coronary problems, hypertension, metabolic syndromes and sleep apnea.
- Peripheral obesity: It accumulates below the waist (hips, buttocks, legs, calves and calves) and is identified by pear-shaped bodies. These people commonly suffer from circulatory problems, varicose veins, cellulitis, oedema, fluid retention, joint pain in knees, tired legs, lack of energy, sleep problems.
- Homogeneous obesity: Excessive accumulation of fat predominates throughout the entire body and is also considered morbid obesity.
Obesity can also be classified by its specific cause, each cause having different health implications and require distinct treatment methods. Here are some common examples:
How to treat obesity?
If we observe things in a simplified context, obesity and overweight are caused by an imbalance between food intake vs. daily energy expenditure, that is, you eat more calories than you burn. But having a single simplified vision on obesity may be inconvenient as the most obese people are those who consume fewer calories and cling blindly to the counting of these.
- Learning about food and nutrition is essential. At Activate you will learn to demystify paradigms such as that eating eggs every day will raise your cholesterol, or that protein-rich diets put your health at risk. It has been widely demonstrated in the last decade that, starting from an equal caloric base, proteins produce more satiety in comparison with carbohydrates, maintains insulin stable and are more efficient in the production of long-term energy since they stimulate the thermogenesis process in the body (the energy that the body uses to digest and process food).
- Calorie restriction is basic for weight loss, but if you want to maintain your weight in a sustained manner, you should start by prioritizing fat-free muscle mass and this is almost as a rule achieved when the consumption of certain carbohydrates is restricted and the consumption of proteins, good fats and vegetables are promoted.
- We are also aware of the importance of having a pluralistic and integrative approach, each of our programs not only analyzes your eating habits as the only risk factor but also your social and work environment as well as emotional and psychological factors. Numerous studies on fat accumulation conclude that such factors are directly related to hormonal imbalances especially with cortisol (stress hormone), recovery (sleep problems), toxicity (smoking, pollution, etc.) Android (lack of testosterone) and Gynoid (excess estrogens), sedentary lifestyle and poor diet.
Finally, at Activate Personal Training we understand that changes in nutrition need time, support and follow up. Our advice will guide you towards the recognition of your body and to connect it with a healthy lifestyle, we will help you to link your diet to your environment in general.